Nasibe Akbari, Mahmoud Elahdadi Salmani, Mahdi Goudarzvand, Taghi LashkarBoluki, Iran Goudarzi, Kataneh Abrari
Basic and clinical neuroscience. - , 5, - January, 2014
Publication year: 2014



Epilepsy is a neural disorder in which abnormal plastic changes during short and long term periods lead to increased excitability of brain tissue. Kindling is an animal model of epileptogenesis which results in changes of synaptic plasticity due to repetitive electrical or chemical sub-convulsive stimulations of the brain. Lateral hypothalamus, as the main niche of orexin neurons with extensive projections, is involved in sleep and wakefulness and so it affects the excitability of the brain. Therefore, we investigated whether lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) inactivation or orexin-A receptor blocking could change convulsive behavior of acute and kindled PTZ treated animals and if glutamate has a role in this regard.